italianize yourself

Verbo Presente - Present Tense Continued

In the first lesson on the present tense of Italian verbs, we learned the conjugations for verbs ending in -are, -ere and -ire. Of the three, -ire stands out in that it has two different sets of ending for the present tense. We've learned the first set, which follows the same pattern as the -are and -ere verbs. The second pattern adds "isc" to the "io", "tu", "lui / lei" and "loro" conjugations. Take a look at the table below to see the pattern.

Capire (to understand)
io cap- isco cap-isco
tu cap- isci cap-isci
lui / lei cap- isce cap-isce
noi cap- iamo cap-iamo
voi cap- ite cap-ite
loro cap- iscono cap-iscono

Unfortunately, there isn't a trick to knowing which -ire verbs take the "isc" ending, but you will pick up a feel for when to use it the more you speak. To get started, here are some common verbs that take the "isc" ending.

Common isc verbs
finire to finish preferire to prefer
pulire to clean costruire to build
spedire to send finire to finish

Lets practice what you learned. Click the white area of the screen below, and you will see a pronoun and verb popup above the white area. Your goal is to stop the press from crushing the Vespa by selecting the appropriate verb ending. Every correct answer will move the press up, giving you more time. Every incorrect answer will move the press down faster. Good luck!



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Level: 1
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Title
Bambino
isco
o
iamo
isci
i
ite
isce
e
iscono
ono